Posted in Photography, Travel

Yerevan, Armenia

Y

Yerevan panorama with Mount Ararat in the backdrop, image by Serouj Ourishian.

Daylight cityscape; image by Mcschreck, uploaded by Roger Zenner.

Saint Gregor Church, image by Vladimir Shioshvili (http://www.flickr.com/photos/vshioshvili/534200136/).

Yerevan, home to over one million people, is one of the world’s oldest continually inhabited cities. People have lived there since at least the 4th millennium BCE, when the Bronze Age started. In 782 BCE, King Arghisti I built the Erebuni Fortress to defend his territory from Northern attacks. The city got its modern name in the 7th century CE.

Because of its location at the crossroads of many empires, Yerevan was occupied and fought over by a number of different peoples over the centuries—Arabs, Seljuks, Mongols, Ottomans, Persians. During the Turkish-Persian wars, the city changed hands 14 times. During these wars, in 1604, Shah Abbas I deported tens of thousands of Armenians to Persia, and Yerevan was left only 20% Armenian.

In 1828, Armenia became part of the Russian Empire and was surrendered by the Persians. During this period, Yerevan’s Armenian population steadily increased, as many people returned from Persia. The city also became more modern and built many new buildings, including two women’s colleges. Yerevan’s first public library opened in 1905, and a telephone line with 80 subscribers went live in 1913.

From 28 May 1918-2 December 1920, Armenia was a free republic. Then it passed into Bolshevik hands, and gradually became even more modern, with even more Armenians moving in. However, this came at a very steep price, as the Great Terror of 1936-8 strongly swept into Armenia. Nationalism and religion were outlawed, and people who went against the régime were arrested, tortured, and executed, or forced into exile if they could escape.

The ruins of the walls of the Erebuni Fortress, Copyright Travis K. Witt.

View of the city from the top of Tsitsernakaberd Hill, image by D-man.

Yerevan is the setting for some of the scenes in Chapters 26 and 27 of my WIP, Journey Through a Dark Forest, at the height of the Great Terror in 1937. After former orphanage girl Alina Petropashvili leaves Kutaisi, she moves in with her old Armenian friends in Yerevan. Ohanna has also lost her husband, and has been left a young widow with a 5-year-old daughter and what turns out to be a twin pregnancy. Izabella hasn’t married or accepted suitors, afraid of losing her man too.

On her first full day in Yerevan, Alina takes Ohanna’s daughter Siranoush on a walk, as Siranoush points to things and Alina says the word in Georgian. Siranoush then teaches her the Armenian words. All the while, she stays close to her new adult friend when an NKVD officer appears. They end up at the new Yerevan Botanical Garden.

I just had to use buffoonish Kostya Godunov one more time, so he appears in Chapter 27, after his slap on the wrist for aiding and abetting his repugnant cousin Misha’s brothel. He was told to take his grandmother and leave Russia, and Kostya went right to Batumi, Georgia, before taking a little holiday to Armenia. Kostya is dressed as outlandishly as ever, and makes himself look like a complete moron to Ohanna and Alina. Before they finally relent and give him directions to the Sundukyan Academic State Theatre, he unwittingly gives them advice about how to get to Iran through the Alborz Mountains.

Yerevan also appears in my handwritten magnum opus Cinnimin, as Cinni’s daughter Olga and her family are visiting Armenia when the 1988 earthquake hits. Cinni and Levon are also sent on a trip to Armenia by their children in 1995, as an anniversary present.

Holy Trinity Church, image by Anna Rogozhina.

Railway Station, with a statue of David of Sasun, image by Nina Stössinger (http://www.flickr.com/photos/ninastoessinger/4192071193/).

Yerevan is packed with amazing things to see and do—countless old churches, libraries, museums of all sorts (art, history, literature, music, cinema, important personalities), theatres, opera houses, cinemas, public parks, Yerevan Water World (a large water park), the botanical garden, a zoo, and the Blue Mosque, Armenia’s only operational mosque.

Katoghike Tsiranavor Church of Avan, Yerevan’s oldest surviving church, Copyright Travis K. Witt. Armenia was the world’s first nation to become Christian, followed closely by Georgia.

More information:

http://www.yerevan.am/index.php?page_id=1&lang=3

http://www.armeniainfo.am/sites/?section=regions_desc&site_id=11

http://www.yerevan.am/3-121-121.html

http://www.greatyerevan.com/history-of-yerevan/147/

http://www.erebuni.am/index.php?lang=en

Author:

I started reading at three (my first book was Grimm's Fairy Tales, the uncensored adult version), started writing at four, started writing book-length things at eleven, and have been a writer ever since. I predominantly write historical fiction family sagas/series. I primarily write about young people, since I was a young person myself when I became a serious writer and didn't know how to write about adults as main characters. I only write in a contemporary setting if the books naturally go into the modern era over the course of the decades-long stories being told over many books. I've always been drawn to books, films, music, fashions, et al, from bygone eras, and have never really been too much into modern things. If something or someone has appeal for all time, it'll still be there to be discovered after the initial to-do has died down. For example, my second-favorite writer enjoyed a huge burst of popularity in the Sixties and Seventies, but he wrote his books from 1904-43, and his books still resonate today, even after he's no longer such a fad. Quality lasts for all time.

15 thoughts on “Yerevan, Armenia

  1. That is one city and landscape that looks like it’s from another world. Amazing!

    Didn’t realise there was a Mount Ararat for some reason. 😛 There’s a town in Australia called Ararat.

    Like

    1. Yes, Mt. Ararat is the same one. It’s one of Armenia’s great national symbols, and many people in the Armenian Diaspora have photographs or pictures of it framed in their homes.

      Like

Share your thoughts respectfully

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s