Winschoten, The Netherlands

W

City Hall, image by KingArthur4255, Bild-CC-by-sa/2.0/de.


A bank building with an upstairs apartment, image by Hilda Morassi.

Winschoten is a Dutch city of about 20,000, in the Northeast, near the border with Germany. It received city rights in 1825, the last Dutch town to be granted such rights. Though Dutch is the official language, many people speak the Gronings dialect, which has a Hebrew and Yiddish influence. Prior to WWII, Winschoten had a very large Jewish community dating back to the 17th century. The city had Holland’s largest Jewish community after only Amsterdam. Only 20 survived the Shoah.

Winschoten has many churches, the oldest of which is from the 13th century. Most of the churches are Protestant, but there’s also a beautiful neo-Gothic Catholic church dedicated to St. Vitus and built in 1880. The city’s skyline features a freestanding 16th century bell tower.

De Koedel, image by Hilda Morassi.

Sterrebos Tunnel, image by Hilda Morassi.

A number of chapters in my WWII historical Bildungsroman And Jakob Flew the Fiend Away are set in Winschoten. At the end of Part II, in November 1942, Jakob leaps from a death train en route from Westerbork before it crosses the border. He severely breaks his right foot and ankle as he lands, and is found by four young partisans as he’s limping towards the woods. They smuggle him into the basement of a safe house, where he spends the Winter recovering and gradually relearns how to walk in the Spring.

Vrouw Heleen Visser, the woman who lives in the safe house, becomes like a second mother to Jaap. He comes back to see her a few times while he’s a partisan, and finds her in a group of anti-Nazi, anti-NSB prisoners after the liberation. Her would-be executioners are meted out an even more severe punishment than the ones Jaap and his friends are meting out to the other collaborators and occupiers.

In May 1945, Jakob marries his dream girl, Rachel Roggenfelder, in a brief civil ceremony at the marriage registrar in Winschoten, with Vrouw Visser and three of his Army buddies (not his best friends) as witnesses. The formal, religious ceremony is held in Atlantic City on 28 June 1946.

Winschoten Synagogue, image by Hilda Morassi.

Winschoten used to boast of thirteen giant windmills, but today only has three. These remaining windmills dominate the cityscape. The city also has a monument depicting someone licking his plate as a dog licks his master’s feet. This is in homage to how the residents used to be called tellerlikkers, “plate-lickers.” The monument is in front of the former De Klinker theatre, which in turn was built on the site of an old brick factory.

Stadspark, image by Hardscarf.

The famous Tellerlikker sculpture.

More information:

http://www.winschoten.nl/

http://www.jhm.nl/culture-and-history/the-netherlands/groningen/winschoten

http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/pinkas_netherlands/net287.html

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10 comments on “Winschoten, The Netherlands

  1. Trisha says:

    I’ve been to quite a few cities/towns in the Netherlands, but never this one. How horrific that so few members of the Jewish population survived!

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  2. njmagas says:

    For a minute I thought the clock tower on City Hall was floating! Very nice pictures. I love The Stadspark pond and the Sterrebos Tunnel especially.

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  3. What happened to all the windmills?
    De Koedel is such a unique looking building.

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  4. My father helped to restore the city hall in Gouda using original tools and methods. He was an apprentice carpenter at the time. That’s where I was born. He was also imprisoned by the Germans in the war and ended up in Dachau.

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  5. Chrys Fey says:

    I love the entrance to the bank. How grand! De Koedel is quite neat. When the challenge ends, I’m going to miss seeing these lovely pictures.

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  6. I love the architecture–the rounded aspect to the windows and bridge. Super unique and amazing.

    True Heroes from A to Z

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  7. They certainly don’t build things like they used to. I love seeing these old buildings. I also read your eight sentences in the next blog. Stuck between a tiger and enemy forces! That’s some ‘rock and hard place’ scenario.

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  8. Jocelyn Rish says:

    That’s horrifying that so few of the Jewish population survived.

    In the event of a natural disaster, I want to be in the De Koedel – that turtle shell building looks like it could survive almost anything.

    Like

  9. Greta de Wolf says:

    Does anyone know if there was a school or boarding house connected with St. Vitus Church? We are looking for family and we believe that one of them stayed at a boarding house in or associated with a catholic church. She was born in Winschotten.

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